When creating Inquiry Based Assessment strategies, is it better to begin with the end in mind, or at the student? This is one of the fundamental problems to be examined. While we are all interested in replacing standardized testing with hands-on, quality, authentic forms of measuring student achievement, one must remind themselves about the end goal? Is it to increase student achievement or increase student learning? Certainly we can have both, but can we increase achievement without increasing learning? This is a question that cannot be taken lightly when researching the basis for a new type of assessment. If learning is the goal and end result, we must make sure that learning is what is measured.